There are apparently two books on the subject of wool types that I need to acquire:The Knitter's Book of Wooland In Sheep's Clothing: A Handspinner's Guide to Wool.These have been recommended on the Ravelry boards by a multitude of people.
However, Ravelry and the general Internet has been a wealth of information. You just need to go to many sites and piece things together; and even then, you still have an incomplete picture.
But, here's what I've determined thus far in terms of wool (I'm not including things like silk and plant fibers):
Fine wools (16- 22 microns): most Alpacas, Merino, Cormo, Rambouillet, (some) BFL(x), fine shetland(x), camel, angora, possum, quiviut, cashmere, vicuna
Medium wools (22- 31 microns): Corriedale(x), Falkland(x), BFL(x), mohair(x), (inner) Icelandic(x), Shetland(x), Dorset, Cheviot, Jacob
Long wools (31- 36 microns):Romney(x), Wensleydale, Border Leiscter, Lincoln(x)
(X)s mark those wools I've already spun as part of my Spinning Study.
When correlated with the information from the previous post, it gives me an idea of what projects to use with different types of wool:
Obviously, these are only guidelines. There's nothing preventing anyone from using one type of wool to make something out of the "category",